Asthma Specialist
When you have asthma, you need to have a plan so you know what to do during a flare-up. The doctors at Park South Medical have extensive experience helping patients create an asthma plan and prescribing the medications you should have on hand in case a flare-up occurs. If you need an evaluation for asthma symptoms, call their office in Bronx, New York, or use the convenient online booking feature to schedule an appointment.

Asthma Q & A

Park South Medical

What is asthma?

Asthma begins when small airways in your lungs become inflamed, a condition that makes them hypersensitive to substances and circumstances that trigger a reaction. When you’re exposed to your triggers, three things happen:

  • Muscles in the airways tighten
  • Excess mucus is produced
  • Walls inside the airway become more swollen

The net result is that airways become narrow and blocked, which means you struggle to breathe. Once you develop asthma, your airways stay chronically inflamed and swollen, if not properly treated.

What triggers an asthma attack?

If you have allergies, the substances you’re allergic to may also trigger an asthma flare-up. Other common triggers include:

  • Upper respiratory infections
  • Cold air
  • Tobacco smoke
  • Weather changes
  • Air pollution
  • Strong odors from items like cleaning products
  • Exercise

When strenuous exercise obstructs airflow, it’s called exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). As many as 90% of people with asthma experience EIB, which usually lasts about 30 minutes or longer after you stop exercising. Your Park South doctor can work with you to develop a treatment plan that helps you stay active.

What are the symptoms of asthma?

Asthma is often thought of as a childhood disease, and it usually occurs at a young age but affects about 8% of all children and adults. In some cases, childhood asthma persists into adulthood; in others, it first appears during adulthood.

While the frequency and severity of asthma flare-ups are different, everyone experiences one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty breathing and shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Chronic coughing

How is asthma treated?

As you treat existing allergies, you also lower your risk for asthma flare-ups. Otherwise, treatment consists of:

Identifying and avoiding triggers

Identifying your personal asthma triggers then creating a plan to avoid them is an important part of asthma treatment. Of course, you don’t want to avoid sports activities and daily exercise, so your Park South doctor works with you to alleviate EIB.

Long-term asthma control

You can take inhaled or oral medications to prevent future asthma flare-ups.

Quick-relief rescue medications

Inhalers containing medications that you take as needed for rapid, short-term symptom relief during an asthma attack.

If you have asthma, it’s important to be prepared with adequate medication — call Park South Medical or book an appointment online.